16th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process by Wolfgang Marquardt, Costas Pantelides

By Wolfgang Marquardt, Costas Pantelides

This lawsuits booklet comprises the papers awarded on the joint convention occasion of the ninth Symposium on technique structures Engineering (PSE'2006) and the sixteenth eu Symposium on desktop Aided approach Engineering (ESCAPE-16), held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, from July nine - July thirteen, 2006. The symposium follows the 1st joint occasion PSE'97 / ESCAPE-7 in Trondheim, Norway (1997). The final venues of the break out symposia have been Barcelona, Spain (2005) and Lisbon, Portugal (2004) and the latest PSE symposia have been held in Kunming, China (2003) and Keystone, Colorado, united states (2000). the aim of either sequence is to collect the foreign neighborhood of researchers engineers who're attracted to computing-based tools in method engineering. the most target of the symposium is to check and current the most recent advancements and present nation in strategy platforms Engineering and laptop Aided technique Engineering. the focal point of PSE'2006 / ESCAPE-16 has been on Modelling and Numerical tools, Product and procedure layout, Operations and keep an eye on, organic structures, Infrastructure platforms, and enterprise determination help. * studies and provides the most recent advancements and present nation of strategy structures Engineering and laptop Aided approach Engineering * comprises papers provided at a joint convention occasion * bringing jointly a world group of researchers and engineers attracted to computing-based equipment in strategy Engineering

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However, estimation of the failure probabilities of safety systems to predict various consequences (end-states: continued operation, shutdown, release, and explosion), has received little attention in the CPI. In this context, recently, a method for dynamic risk assessment of an exothermic reactor was introduced [Meel and Seider, 2005a, 2005b]. Herein, these methods are extended for plant-wide, real-time risk assessment to predict: (1) the frequencies of occurrence of abnormal events of plant units, (2) the propagation of abnormal events through their safety systems, and (3) their subsequent consequences utilizing accident precursor data, helping to achieve inherently safer operations.

A. Meel and W. D. Seider, 2005b, Use of Bayesian theory for dynamic failure assessment of an exothermic reactor. Submitted to Chem. Eng. Sci. A. Meel and W. D. Seider, 2005c, Accident sequence precursor data and correlation matrices for ethyl-benzene plant. edu/~anjanani/PSE2006. R. B. Nelson, 1999, An Introduction to Copulas. Lecture Notes in Statistics, Springer. J. R. Phimister, U. Oktem, P. R. Kleindorfer and H. Kunreuther, 2003, Near-miss incident management in the chemical process industry.

The obtained information can then be used to improve the process operation and the efficiency of the MCFC. I 1162 M Groetsch et al 2. Modelling of the MCFC A detailed dynamic, spatially distributed model of a MCFC had been derived from first principles [Heidebrecht (2005)]. Figure 2 shows the structure of the modelled system and the working principle of one MCFC-cell. CH4 + H2O ^ CO + H2O ^ 3H2 + CO H2 + CO2 Figure 2: At the left: Scheme of the modelled system, consisting of one representative MCFC-cell a pre-reformer and a burner, at the right: the working principle of a MCFC-cell.

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