By Donald L. Horowitz
Can a society as deeply divided as South Africa develop into democratic? In a so much well timed paintings, Donald L. Horowitz, writer of the acclaimed Ethnic teams in clash, issues to the stipulations that make democracy an implausible end result in South Africa. even as, he identifies how one can triumph over those hindrances, and he describes associations that provide structure makers the simplest probability for a democratic future.South Africa is usually thought of an remoted case, a rustic not like the other. Drawing on his vast event of racially and ethnically divided societies, even if, Horowitz brings South Africa again into African and comparative politics. adventure received in Nigeria, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and different divided societies worldwide is appropriate simply because, as South Africa leaves apartheid in the back of, it is going to nonetheless confront difficulties of pluralism: racial, ethnic, and ideological. nations like South Africa, Horowitz argues, needs to improve associations able to dealing with such divisions.Reviewing an array of constitutional proposals for South Africa--group rights, consociation, partition, binationalism, and an more advantageous position for the judiciary--Horowitz indicates that the majority are beside the point for the country's difficulties, otherwise run afoul of a few significant ideological taboo. associations which are either apt and appropriate do exist, even though. those are premised at the have to create incentives for lodging throughout staff traces. within the ultimate bankruptcy, Horowitz makes a tremendous contribution to the idea of democratization as he considers how commitments to democracy should be extracted even from political teams with undemocratic objectives.Ranging skillfully throughout experiences of social distance and stereotypes, electoral and social gathering platforms, constitutions and judiciaries, clash and lodging, and negotiation and democratization, Horowitz screens a vast comparative imaginative and prescient. His leading edge learn will switch the way in which theorists and practitioners technique the duty of constructing democracy paintings in tough stipulations.
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Extra resources for A Democratic South Africa?: Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society (Perspectives on Southern Africa, No 46)
15) 11. A Modified Consociational View. South Africa is a severely divided society, requiring some complex institutions if it is to function democratically. 17 12. A Simple Majoritarian View. Whether South Africa is or is not 14. , Negotiating South Africa's Future (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989), pp. 11429. 15. Most of these efforts are discussed in Arend Lijphart, Power-Sharing in South Africa (Berkeley: University of California Institute of International Studies, 1985), pp. 4782. Among the major contributions are F.
This book was completed before negotiations began in South Africa, but even the prenegotiation phase made clear the close connections among who, how, and what. It is hard to paint a moving train, and South Africa was a fast-moving train while this book was in progress. A great many people have helped keep me on track. Pierre du Toit was kind enough to send me invaluable material on several occasions and to provide me with incisive comments on the entire manuscript. Doreen Atkinson also sent me useful material and a critique of Chapter 7.
At the beginning of the process, the democratic prospect was not encouraging. 1 Almost any way they were assessed, the interests of the parties also sug- 1. One view was based on group rights, another on undiferentiated majority rule. For a description of the unpromising character of these conflicting visions, see Donald L. (footnote continued on next page) Page xiv gested that if the process moved forward, South Africa could well follow other African countries in the ultimate establishment of an undemocratic single-party state.