A Handbook of Asia Minor: Volume I. General: C.B. 847A by Great Britain Admiralty

By Great Britain Admiralty

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On the south an extensive depression, most of wliich was no doubt formerly an arm of the sea, runs up to the foot of iSandras Dagh. A considerable part of this is now occupied distajicc the phitcau of by the Koijigez and the lake, rest by the delta plain of the stream draining that lake and that of the Dalaman Chai. On the south-west Sandras Dagh is continued by broad undulating hills in the direction of Giova and Mermeris. Between the latter place and Giova bay this rolling upland is broken by a well-defined limestone ridge running roughly north and south.

The escarpment is particularly steep where it meets the sea in the neighbourhood of Adalia. The terrain consists of of brown friable soil. travertine, covered with a thin layer Its surface is cut into elevations and depressions, the latter sometimes taking the form of craters, sometimes that of valleys. Farther to the west, a second terrace rises above the first. It too has a perpendicular scarp, and stands 170-200 ft. above the first. The edge of this terrace projects towards 3. THE KAPvAMANIAN ZONE 35 the south-east, forminj]f an angle pointing at Adah'n.

Pindasos). Its highest summit, called Maia, rises with easy slopes to is 4,400 ft. North-east of Bergama lies the valley system known as Nevahi Bergama, the hills of which from the south rise in a kind of terrace about 800 ft. high. Farther back the landscape is bounded by a wooded ridge, 2,000 to 2,600 ft. high, extending from the hills behind Bergama to the Akmas Dagh which forms Marmara-Aegean watershed behind Orkiitler. 1 45 venue of commnnicati on botwoon the Bnkyr Chni vnlloy nnd the plain of Bahkesr.

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