By Stephen W. Krauss
The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex (CRC) version of non secular orientation is brought and the consequences from a sequence of version checking out experiments are reviewed. The CRC version used to be constructed via a sequence of reports within the usa and Romania and was once created that allows you to lessen the theoretical and empirical problems linked to the normal Allportian non secular orientation types and measures. towards this finish, the problems linked to the Allportian spiritual orientation versions are reviewed, in addition to how the CRC version makes an attempt to handle them. subsequent, the CRC version is brought and an inventory of its predictions are given and in comparison to these of the Allportian versions. the result of 10 version checking out experiences utilizing multidimensional scaling are then reviewed. In those reviews, the CRC version, which posits that each one spiritual orientation should be situated alongside dimensions of dedication (importance) and reflectivity (complexity), is located to be extra exact than the Allportian types in either the U.S. and Romania. in accordance with those reviews, the which means and interpretation of the Allportian measures are reviewed and new interpretations are urged. finally, the relationships among spiritual orientation, psychological overall healthiness, character, ideology, and prejudice are explored. In each quarter, the CRC version, and the measures in accordance with it, express enhanced predictive talents to conventional methods in either the U.S. and Romania.
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Extra info for A New Approach to Religious Orientation: The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex
Due to the general lack of use of these scales, a critical review of this literature is premature and will not be made in this book. An exception to this is general trend is the Post-Critical Belief (PCB) scale (Duriez, Fontaine & Hutsebaut, 2000; Hutsebaut, 1996), which is a religious orientation inventory that was designed to PHDVXUH:XOII¶VPRGHORIUHOLJLRXVRULHQWDWLRQ:XOII¶V model of religious orientation is based on the content of religious beliefs, which is a very different approach than the Allportian approach based on cognitive style and motivation.
Krauss and Ralph W. Hood, Jr. However, the study also had a series of other goals. The first and most important goal was to develop a series of measures that had a very clear and specific interpretation. This would further enable the identification of new religious orientations, while simultaneously clarifying the interpretation of the existing measures. The second goal was the development of a series of measures that would be usable with children, nonreligious, uneducated, and older populations in any religion with a format that would further accurate translations across languages.
In other words, it appears that Allport believed that the extrinsically motivated zealot and the intrinsically motivated believer would both score high on the Intrinsic scale, but only the zealot would score high on the Extrinsic scale. Thus, the four-fold typology appears to have been made in order to better separate those who truly represented his idea of intrinsic/mature religion from religious fanatics who just scored highly on the imperfect Intrinsic scale he designed. Thus, while many have focused on the loss of statiVWLFDOSRZHULQXVLQJ$OOSRUW¶VW\SRORJ\DVRSSRVHG WRUHJUHVVLRQDQDO\VHVXVLQJRQO\,DQG(LWLVDSSDUHQWWKDW$OOSRUW¶V typology was an attempt at clarifying important conceptual issues.