By Syma A. Ebbin, Alf H. Hoel, Are Sydnes
This can be the 1st systematic evaluate of the foreign 200-mile specific monetary quarter. thus far, a hundred forty five states have ratified the legislation of the ocean conference, and so much have verified EEZs. This quantity makes a speciality of the categorical nature of the EEZ and the development and evolution of associations stemming from its creation, particularly reading advancements at neighborhood, nationwide and overseas degrees.
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Extra info for A Sea Change: The Exclusive Economic Zone and Governance Institutions for Living Marine Resources
1 states: ‘The delimitation of the EEZ between States with opposite or adjacent coasts shall be effected by agreement on the basis of international law, as referred to in article 38 of the statute of the International Court of Justice in order to achieve an equitable solution’. 9 In the cases of Turkey and Venezuela, it led to the non-participation of these two countries in the LOSC. 10 So called because it had been fashioned by the Mexican representative of that name at UNCLOS III. 11 For further discussions of these issues, see Franckx (2000) and Rayfuse (1999).
The most important of these are: the precautionary approach, the need to adopt, where necessary, measures for associated species, minimization of pollution, waste, discards, catch by lost or abandoned gear and the need to protect biodiversity. These principles are backed up by Article 6, which elaborates on the precautionary approach in some detail. In addition, the precautionary approach is further addressed in an annex focused on its implementation. These provisions are of course stated to apply only with respect to straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks.
EDESON superjacent waters, and with regard to other activities for the economic exploitation of the zone such as the production of energy from the water, currents and winds. Although these sovereign rights are described in wide terms, it is nonetheless only in respect of these predominantly economic rights that the coastal state has sovereign rights. Thus, the military interests of the noncoastal states are to a large extent preserved in the EEZ. Article 56 proceeds in Paragraph (b) to set out certain jurisdictional powers that the coastal state has in its EEZ regarding: (i) the establishment and use of artificial islands, installations and structures (ii) marine scientific research; (iii) the protection and preservation of the marine environment.