A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC by Gian Francesco Giudice

By Gian Francesco Giudice

This publication presents an easy and comprehensible advisor for appreciating the discoveries which are approximately to happen on the huge Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, the world's biggest particle accelerator. A CERN physicist leads the lay reader into the area of particle physics, from the superb technological ideas that have been essential to construct the LHC, in the course of the speculative theories invented to explain the final word legislation governing the universe. the result's a unprecedented trip contained in the cloth of topic, a thrilling experience within an odd and bewildering area, wherein you could enjoy the dimensions of the highbrow revolution that's approximately to take place. Does the mysterious Higgs boson exist? Does area conceal supersymmetry or expand into additional dimensions? How can colliding protons on the LHC liberate the secrets and techniques of the beginning of our universe? those questions are all framed after which addressed by means of knowledgeable within the box. whereas making no compromises in accuracy, this state of the art fabric is gifted in a pleasant, available kind. The book's goal isn't just to notify, yet to offer the reader the physicist's feel of awe and pleasure, as we stand close to a brand new period in realizing the area within which all of us live.

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Extra info for A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Example text

In all other forms of radioactivity, the energy carried by the radiation was equal to the energy lost by the nucleus. This is fairly intuitive. When you go shopping, the money that you have spent (energy carried out by radiation) must be equal to the money that has disappeared from your wallet (energy lost by the nucleus). It could not be otherwise. Nonetheless, for beta radioactivity it was indeed otherwise. Many experiments, culminating with the measurements made by Charles Ellis (1895–1980) and William Wooster (1903–1984) at the Cavendish Laboratory in 1927, showed that beta radiation emitted from nuclei was carrying variable amounts of energy.

Einstein’s general relativity implies a deep revision of fundamental concepts, such as space, time, force and gravitation. In my view, it is the most elegant and captivating scientific theory ever proposed. But general relativity is not just a reformulation of Newton’s theory. It predicted new effects – like the anomalous precession of Mercury’s perihelion and the bending of light by mass – that have been spectacularly confirmed by observations. General relativity is, at least until the next conceptual revolution occurs, the accepted theory of gravity.

This particle is completely invisible to experimental detectors, because it is nearly insensitive to electromagnetic force. Thus, according to Pauli, experiments measure only part of the actual energy produced by beta radioactivity. This explains the strange experimental observations on the electron energy in beta radiation. We can rephrase Pauli’s explanation with the help of the analogy used previously. All shots fired by a gun have the same energy. Suppose however that the gun does not shoot just one single bullet each time, but two bullets together.

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