Absorption-Based Post-combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide by Paul Feron

By Paul Feron

Absorption-Based Post-Combustion trap of Carbon Dioxide presents a entire and authoritative overview of using absorbents for post-combustion trap of carbon dioxide. As fossil fuel-based energy iteration applied sciences are inclined to stay key sooner or later, no less than within the brief- and medium-term, carbon trap and garage may be a serious greenhouse gasoline aid method.

Post-combustion catch includes the elimination of carbon dioxide from flue gases after gasoline combustion, that means that carbon dioxide can then be compressed and cooled to shape a adequately portable liquid that may be kept underground.

  • Provides researchers in academia and with an authoritative evaluate of the amine-based equipment for carbon dioxide catch from flue gases and similar processes
  • Editors and members are renowned specialists within the field
  • Presents the 1st booklet in this particular topic

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Extra info for Absorption-Based Post-combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide

Sample text

This is why one mixed amine absorbent that performs particularly well is PZ in combination with AMP (Seo and Hong, 2000; Samanta and Bandyopadhyay, 2009). AMP is a primary amine with a large enthalpy of protonation. This combination falls short in that it shares a similar pKa to PZ and therefore is not as strong a base. 5 Chemical kinetics and enhanced mass transfer In the previous section, The Physics of Absorption, we learned about the role of solubility and diffusion in the mass transfer of a gas into a liquid.

Hot potassium carbonate is offered in a process by Universal Oil Products. It operates isothermally near 100 C with pressure-swing regeneration; its low heat of absorption is unfavorable for thermal-swing regeneration. Tertiary amines such as methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) are used in blends with rate promoters such as piperazine (PZ). Hindered amines such as aminomethylpropanol (AMP) can be used alone or in combination with rate promoters. Secondary or primary amines such as MEA and PZ can be used alone or as rate promoters with tertiary amines, hindered amines, or potassium carbonate.

However, when the contact time is short they can be applied. This can be done by using equipment like a wetted-wall reactor that gives a short contact time, or by breaking calculations up into successive small time steps. , 1978). You might also be wondering what happens during CO2 desorption in the stripper. The reverse reactions for CO2 desorption are very fast for primary, secondary, and tertiary amines. In fact, they can be considered instantaneous. The rate-limiting step for desorption is how rapidly CO2 can transfer from the liquid phase to the gas phase.

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