By Mohammed Akram Nadwi
Abu Hanifah Nu'man ibn Thabit was once one of many maximum pioneers within the historical past of Islamic legislations, quite in felony reasoning. The Hanafi felony university that he based has turn into the main greatly one of the world's Muslims. in keeping with basic assets, this examine of the lifestyles and legacy of Abu Hanifah additionally surveys the evolution of Hanafi criminal reasoning (fiqh) in several areas of the Islamic global and assesses its historic distinctiveness.
Mohammed Akram Nadwi is a study fellow on the Oxford Centre for Islamic reviews, and is the writer of numerous works together with al-Muhaddithat: the ladies students in Islam (2007).
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Extra resources for Abu Hanifah. His Life, Legal Method & Legacy
However, as his understanding matured, Abū Ḥanīfah grew out of this interest in kalām. e. I became well-known]. We used to sit close to a study-circle of Ḥammād ibn Abī Sulaymān. About this time a woman came to me one day and asked: How can a man divorce his wife in accordance with the Sunnah? I advised her to ask Ḥammād and then to come back and tell me the answer. e. not in the state of menstruation], then he should leave her be until her iddah [waiting period] has passed. When she has bathed and is clean she will be able to re-marry.
The Prophet was confident in the ability of his close Companions to exercise conscience and reason on behalf of the law, and not for personal advantage or for the advantage of any group or interest with which they were associated. He promised them a reward hereafter for the effort to apply and extend the law in the situations they faced, and a double reward if their judgements proved right. The significance of piety and righteousness among the qualifications for reasoning with the law should not be underestimated.
He felt able to entrust them to act as judges and give Islamic rulings for the people on his behalf. The famous names among this group of Companions are: Abū Bakr al-Ṣiddīq, Umar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb, Uthmān ibn Affān, Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib, Abdullāh ibn Masūd, Muādh ibn Jabal, Ubayy ibn Kab, Abū l-Dardā, Zayd ibn Thābit, Abū Mūsā al-Asharī, Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Awf, Ḥudhayfah ibn al-Yamān, Ammār ibn Yāsir, Abū Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrāḥ, and Āishah, the wife of the Prophet. Their legal dicta are quoted and preserved in compilations of ḥadīth; in particular, the judgements of the first four in that list (the first caliphs) were accorded practically the same status as the Sunnah of the Prophet himself.