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Extra resources for Air-sea interaction: laws and mechanisms
71, and note that local changes in internal energy and specific volume occur because vertical eddy motions advect fluid parcels from a neighboring level: de/dt = cv w (dT /dz), and dv/dt = w (dv/dz). 6 Sensible and Latent Heat Transfer 43 yielding the rate of change of entropy: w ds = dt T +T cp dT +g . 74) The temperature fluctuation T is small compared to the absolute temperature, so that the multiplier of the bracketed quantity is approximately (w T )(1 − T /T ), with 2 a stochastic average value of −w T /T .
Various investigators reported that the appearance of short waves coincides with rapid increase of gas transfer. This points to a possible role of gravity, g, and wave age C p /u ∗ .
This is how observations on momentum flux are usually reported, corrected for buoyancy flux to a neutral value of the wind speed. 5 The Evidence on Momentum Transfer 21 The Evidence on Momentum Transfer Meteorologists have expended a great deal of effort on the empirical determination of a momentum transfer law for the air-sea interface. Hundreds of contributions to the subject have appeared in the literature in the past few decades. , 1992; Yelland and Taylor, 1996). Here we can only give a glimpse of this vast effort, prior to examining the evidence on the momentum transfer law.