By Zachary Alan Selden
Even if US international coverage used to be principally unpopular within the early 2000s, many geographical regions, particularly these bordering Russia and China, accelerated their safety cooperation with the United States. In Alignment, Alliance, and American Grand technique, Zachary Selden notes that the nearby strength of those intolerant states urged threatened neighboring states to align with the United States. Gestures of alignment contain participation in significant joint army workouts, involvement in US-led operations, the negotiation of agreements for US army bases, and efforts to hitch a US-led alliance. in contrast, Brazil can be a emerging local energy, yet because it is a democratic nation, its acquaintances haven't sought higher alliance with the United States.
Amid demands retrenchment or restraint, Selden makes the case coverage concerned with conserving American army preeminence and the verified willingness to exploit strength can be what sustains the cooperation of second-tier states, which in flip support to keep up US hegemony at a potential fee.
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Additional resources for Alignment, Alliance, and American Grand Strategy
As the leading power in Latin America and a state that is generally acknowledged to be among the major powers of the coming century, Brazil might be expected to have neighbors that are engaging in hedging behavior that involves alignment with the United States for the same reasons that China and Russia’s neighbors are doing so. Yet Brazil’s less powerful neighbors do not appear concerned about the implications of Brazil’s growing regional and global power. One explanation may be that Brazil is a democratic state that has demonstrated no intentions to press other states in the region for territorial or economic concessions.
Grand strategy seeks to align goals and resources. In an era in which the United States is likely to face declining financial resources, understanding how and why secondary states make their alignment choices is an important and underappreciated part of shaping an affordable grand strategy. Alignment-based hegemony draws from aspects of a range of other grand strategies. Like restraint and retrenchment, it explicitly recognizes the finan- 20 alignment, alliance, and american grand strategy cial strain of American hegemony and seeks to plan for a future in which those strains will only increase.
So why would secondary states engage in behavior that has some cost but no assurance of security in return? 28 alignment, alliance, and american grand strategy The answer may be that secondary states derive security benefits from aligning with the United States without receiving formal security guarantees. By helping to extend the American military presence in their region through basing rights, they effectively blunt the regional power’s ability to exercise a form of regional hegemony that may not be in their interests.