By Catherine Raeff
In recent times, there was a proliferation of theoretical and empirical scholarship on how problems with human separateness, or independence, and problems with human connectedness, or interdependence, are performed out in different cultural contexts. regardless of contract at the worth of realizing tradition and improvement by way of independence and interdependence, many matters stay open for persevered theoretical refinement and empirical research. This booklet provides a clean conceptualization which holds that independence and interdependence are multifaceted and inseparable dimensions of human functioning which may be outlined and enacted another way in numerous cultures. therefore, the present method bills for the elemental separateness and connectedness of all people in a manner that's either universally appropriate and culturally delicate. in response to this conceptual procedure, the focal point of this article is to delineate how assorted independence and interdependence concerns are interrelated in the course of improvement in culturally certain methods. In doing so, the e-book deals a conceptual strategy that strikes cultural and developmental analyses past investigating even if a few cultures worth independence or interdependence kind of than others, to investigating how either independence and interdependence are construed and particularized in the course of improvement world wide. continuously Separate, consistently attached: Independence and Interdependence in Cultural Contexts of improvement could be of curiosity to quite a lot of developmentalists in psychology, schooling, family members experiences, anthropology, and sociology. moreover, the publication may possibly serve complicated undergraduates, in addition to graduate scholars in those diverse disciplines. it may well even be of curiosity to social welfare practitioners, similar to scientific psychologists, advice counselors, and social staff.
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Extra resources for Always Separate, Always Connected: Independence and Interdependence in Cultural Contexts of Development
Moreover, within-culture variability in how independence and interdependence are understood may be evident during the course of development, as children’s abilities to engage in valued modes of independence and interdependence are transformed. Another central theoretical issue that can be raised in the context of this chapter involves the claim that not only do independence and interdependence not preclude each other, but they may even entail each other as they are particularized in specific contexts.
More than pointing to cultural conceptions of both independence and interdependence, several theoretical issues regarding independence and interdependence were also raised in this chapter. Building on the idea that conceptions of independence and interdependence may vary across cultures is the theoretical issue of within-culture variability regarding independence and interdependence. For the most part, independence and interdependence have been conceptualized as rather static cultural and individual characteristics, even traits.
THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS, PART 1 15 does not have to entail social isolation. Instead, living separately may be understood in relation to maintaining culturally valued modes of social connectedness. In addition, a mother’s consideration for the children, and maintaining a relationship with them by living on her own, may be indicative of a noninstrumental conception of relationships. Second, thinking in terms of “we” does not preclude a sense of self as separate, nor does thinking in terms of “I” preclude a conception of self in relation to others.