As Psychology by Claire Meldrum

By Claire Meldrum

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However, Clarke and Clarke (1976) have pointed out that it is poorer children who tend to spend more time in hospital. Their home environments, therefore, might explain their later problems rather than the separations they experienced during their hospital stays. Privation Privation refers to the lack (rather than the loss) of an attachment. The effects of privation, according to Rutter (1981), are more longlasting and severe than the effects of deprivation or mere separation. Effects of privation: evidence from case studies ● Genie (Curtiss 1989) was the victim of severe neglect and abuse.

The mother is associated with this pleasure and becomes a conditioned stimulus, which will on its own produce feelings of pleasure. That is, a baby learns to associate its mother with the pleasure it feels when it is fed and consequently seeks to be close to her. ● According to operant conditioning principles, rewarded behaviours are repeated. After feeding, the hunger drive is reduced and this is rewarding. g. crying) that leads to drive reduction. Since the mother provides the food to reduce the hunger drive, she becomes a secondary reinforcer (by process of classical conditioning) and the infant strives to stay close to her and thereby becomes attached.

1994), however, found most aggressive behaviour among school children who had spent most time in day care. The reason for this apparently conflicting finding may lie in the quality of day care experienced. Research shows that children’s aggression levels are lower if they spend their time in wellstructured, stimulating environments whether these are in or out of the child’s own home. Summing up the evidence ● The bulk of evidence to date suggests that children in day care are not disadvantaged in their cognitive or social development.

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