By L. Buszynski
Read or Download Asia Pacific Security - Values and Identity (Routledgecurzon Security in Asia Series, 2) PDF
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Additional info for Asia Pacific Security - Values and Identity (Routledgecurzon Security in Asia Series, 2)
Amongst Chinese there is the belief in the greatness and grandeur of China and its civilisation, which becomes an object of admiration in itself. 1 Above all there is the strong belief in the preservation of the unity of Chinese civilisation, and that culture and civilisation are inseparable from the centralised state that has ruled for millennia. In the context of these values the loss of Taiwan would be unthinkable and tantamount to betrayal, a feeling that often hinders discussion of the subject in Beijing.
Existing linguistic and cultural differences which previously may have been regarded as local variations are raised into major distinguishing characteristics and become the basis for a national mythology. Each individual act of intimidation becomes a component of the new mythology and a self-evident justiﬁcation of separation. It stimulates a strong search for a linguistic or cultural justiﬁcation for separation as an explanation for the persecution and it creates a new collective memory that becomes the basis of an emerging nationalism.
Power entirely divorced from morality would be inconceivable in the Chinese experience, though not unacceptable in Western realpolitik. For the Chinese power has been strongly associated with morality and Chinese national interests have been deﬁned not in terms of military power but in relation to political, economic and cultural status. 11 The stress upon the morality of action results in behaviour that differs from Western realism despite the similarities which might be apparent. Where Western realists would regard power as the ultimate security, China’s ﬁrst concern is to uphold governing principles and a moral regime as a more durable basis for security in a constantly changing world.