Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Illustrated with pix and maps, the Atlas of Gender and improvement offers readers a distinct perception into the influence of social associations - traditions, social norms and cultural practices - on gender equality in 124 non-OECD international locations. Gender inequality holds again not only ladies however the monetary and social improvement of whole societies. Overcoming discrimination is necessary within the struggle opposed to poverty in constructing international locations and for the success of the Millennium improvement ambitions. Tackling those inequalities isn't really effortless: in lots of international locations, discrimination opposed to ladies is deeply rooted in social associations reminiscent of the kin and the legislations. those long-lasting codes of behavior, norms, traditions, and casual and formal legislation ensure gender results in schooling, healthiness, political illustration and labour markets. The Atlas of Gender and improvement is an crucial software for improvement practitioners, coverage makers, lecturers and the broader public. It presents designated kingdom notes, maps and photographs describing the placement of girls in 124 constructing and transition nations utilizing a brand new composite degree of gender inequality - the Social associations and Gender Index (SIGI) - constructed via the OECD improvement Centre.

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There is no evidence to suggest that Singapore is a country of concern in relation to missing women. Ownership rights Legislation in Singapore supports financial independence for women. The Women’s Charter gives women access to land and to property other than land. Women also have equal access to bank loans and other forms of credit, and the right to enter into legal contracts independently. Civil liberties Women in Singapore enjoy a high level of civil liberty, with freedom of movement and freedom of dress.

Civil liberties Women’s civil liberties in Malaysia are protected by law, but often hampered by social norms and traditions. Legally, women have freedom of movement, but locally imposed restrictions based on Sharia may apply in certain areas. Similarly, there are no national restrictions on women’s freedom of dress, but local authorities in Kelantan impose by-laws that force Muslim women to wear headscarves and impose fines for violators. 9 Degree of gender discrimination (based on SIGI quintile) Low Low/medium Medium Medium/high High T he Mongolian Constitution of 1992 prohibits all forms of discrimination, stating that “no person may be discriminated against on the basis of ethnic origin, language, race, age, sex, social origin or status, property or post, religion, opinion, or education”.

Family code Women in Myanmar are well protected in some, but not all, aspects of family life. The country’s customary law sets the legal age of marriage at 20 years for women. However, early marriage is still an issue of some concern. A United Nations report published in 2004 estimated that 11% of girls between 15 and 19 years old were married, divorced or widowed. Thanks to improved access to education and increased participation in the labour force, age at first marriage is gradually rising. In addition, the law states that all marriages shall be based on mutual consent.

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