By D. Mann
Following the good fortune of the 1st (1995) version, this totally up-to-date file will offer an international evaluate of using car plastics and composites in passenger cars, with an research of markets and developments to the yr 2007. distinct consciousness is given to automobile weightloss.
For a PDF model of the file please name Tina Enright on +44 (0) 1865 843008 for fee info.
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Additional resources for Automotive Plastics & Composites - Worldwide Markets & Trends to 2007,
Extruded PP and PE foam sheets are used in doors as watershields substituting simple PP film, and as a bootliner. Producers include Sekisui in the Netherlands, Troplast in Germany, Toray in Japan, Zotefoams in the UK. Major PP producers include BP Amoco, MonteU, Targor, Borealis, DSM, Elf/ Total Fina, Exxon, Huntsman, Solvay, Mitsui and Japan Polychem. 2 Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is made from vinyl chloride monomer and has become the second largest of the commodity plastics materials after polyethylene.
As an example, for the new Honda Accord, PVC skin was replaced by TPO, and ABS mouldings by PP ones, which contributes to a claimed 90% recyclability, an improvement of 5% on the previous model. Recent developments: "High Melt Strength" (HMS) PP, having a highly branched PP chain, which improves foaming, extrusion and blow moulding, has been developed by Montell. Grafts of styrene or methylmethacrylate monomers onto polypropylene have been developed by the same company, marketed under the name of Hivalloy, rigid, high impact thermoplastics proposed for exterior applications and competing with engineering plastics.
ABS has traditionally been used in a number of car interior applications such as the rigid parts of instrument panels and doors, consoles, glove boxes, HVAC parts and loudspeaker housings. It is also used in chrome-plated parts. For exterior applications such as radiator grilles, wheel covers, mirrors and rear light housings, painting is necessary unless the colour is dark grey, black or the part is chrome-plated. PP, ABS/PC and PPO/HIPS blends have made inroads however in these applications. ABS at about 30% rubber is still being used as a component of PVC/ABS calendered sheet for doorpanels and IP skins.