By Jennifer A. Manner
As a growing number of telecommunications businesses flip to instant providers to maintain profitability, staking a declare of the radiocommunications spectrum is vital. Designed that can assist you make sure that your organization wins the conflict for the spectrum, this article maps out the options required for structuring access and operations within the spectrum. It bargains recommendation on the way to grasp the lobbying, technical, regulatory, criminal and political instruments wanted for achievement.
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Extra resources for Spectrum Wars The Policy and Technology Debate (Artech House Telecommunications Library)
Specifically, it is important to know that that the current regime has evolved from one whereby governments had the primary role in all spectrum use decisions, to one where the private sector has had an increasingly growing and important role. In addition, the increased evolutionary pace of technology has also placed pressure on the traditional operations of the spectrum management regime. This changing dynamic has caused the spectrum management system to adapt to one in which spectrum-use changes occur at a far more rapid pace.
For example, the United States allocated the 1,900-MHz band to personal communications services (PCS). Shortly after this action, the United States came under severe criticism from various international factions, most notably the European Union (EU), for what critics argue is a nonconforming use of the IMT 2000 bands. The EU has consistently taken the position that the 1992 initial “identification” was the equivalent to an allocation of spectrum. However, the United States has argued that this argument is legally flawed, on the grounds that the term identification has no legal status in the ITU Radio Regulations .
Over time, it became evident that the parties would be unable to agree upon technical rules for spectrum sharing. Accordingly, the FCC worked with industry to develop a frequency band segmentation plan that provided spectrum for each service to operate within. In addition, Teledesic had to contend with Norris Communications, an existing GSO system that had received an FCC authorization in the early 1990s to operate in the Ka band. Teledesic felt that because Norris Communications had failed to meet its FCC-mandated buildout obligations for its satellite system, it deserved to have its authorization revoked.