The Clerics of Islam: Religious Authority and Political by Nabil Mouline

By Nabil Mouline

Followers of Muhammad b. ’Abd al-Wahhab, frequently thought of to be Islam’s Martin Luther, formed the political and non secular identification of the Saudi nation whereas additionally allowing the numerous all over the world growth of Salafist Islam. stories of the flow he encouraged, besides the fact that, have frequently been constrained by means of students’ inadequate entry to key assets inside Saudi Arabia. Nabil Mouline was once granted infrequent interviews and admittance to big Saudi files in training for this groundbreaking ebook, the 1st in-depth examine of the Wahhabi non secular stream from its founding to the fashionable day. Gleaning details from either written and oral resources and utilizing a multidisciplinary procedure that mixes heritage, sociology, and Islamic reviews, Mouline offers a brand new examining of this stream that transcends the standard lodge to polemics.

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903), Abu Bakr al-Khallal (d. 923), Muhammad al-Razi (d. 939), al-Khiraqi (d. 945), and ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Ghulam al-Khallal (d. 41 Collections of traditions, legal manuals, and biographical dictionaries circulated. Yet “professions of faith” continued to constitute the most highly prized literary genre among the Hanbali. 42 This period was also marked by energetic Hanbali action in the public sphere under the leadership of al-Barbahari (d. 43 Noting a clear decline in the three O’s and a rise in blameworthy innovations, he called for a return to the True Religion through imitation of the Prophet and the pious ancestors.

His most important disciple was no doubt Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya (d. 1350). Thanks to his encyclopedic knowledge, Ibn al-Qayyim succeeded not only in spreading his master’s ideas, but also in producing an original body of work that remains very popular to this day. Less of an activist than his mentor, Ibn al-Qayyim preferred to avoid conflict with the ulama of other corporations, particularly the Shafi‘ite-Asharites, who controlled the main religious and legal offices of society and sought to monopolize the socioreligious space.

910), and Abu Talib al-Makki (d. indb 37 8/8/14 10:28:18 AM 38 The Birth of the Hanbali Tradition Hanbali tradition, however, Ibn Taymiyya firmly condemned the dogmatic excesses and suspect practices of certain confraternities that he regarded as “innovating sects and free thinkers who claim to be affiliated with Sufism. ”77 Apart from his furious opposition to the pantheism of followers of Ibn al-‘Arabi (d. 79 This action was part of the Islamic tradition of the promotion of virtue and the prevention of vice.

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