By Nabil Mouline
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Extra info for The Clerics of Islam: Religious Authority and Political Power in Saudi Arabia
903), Abu Bakr al-Khallal (d. 923), Muhammad al-Razi (d. 939), al-Khiraqi (d. 945), and ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Ghulam al-Khallal (d. 41 Collections of traditions, legal manuals, and biographical dictionaries circulated. Yet “professions of faith” continued to constitute the most highly prized literary genre among the Hanbali. 42 This period was also marked by energetic Hanbali action in the public sphere under the leadership of al-Barbahari (d. 43 Noting a clear decline in the three O’s and a rise in blameworthy innovations, he called for a return to the True Religion through imitation of the Prophet and the pious ancestors.
His most important disciple was no doubt Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya (d. 1350). Thanks to his encyclopedic knowledge, Ibn al-Qayyim succeeded not only in spreading his master’s ideas, but also in producing an original body of work that remains very popular to this day. Less of an activist than his mentor, Ibn al-Qayyim preferred to avoid conflict with the ulama of other corporations, particularly the Shafi‘ite-Asharites, who controlled the main religious and legal offices of society and sought to monopolize the socioreligious space.
910), and Abu Talib al-Makki (d. indb 37 8/8/14 10:28:18 AM 38 The Birth of the Hanbali Tradition Hanbali tradition, however, Ibn Taymiyya firmly condemned the dogmatic excesses and suspect practices of certain confraternities that he regarded as “innovating sects and free thinkers who claim to be affiliated with Sufism. ”77 Apart from his furious opposition to the pantheism of followers of Ibn al-‘Arabi (d. 79 This action was part of the Islamic tradition of the promotion of virtue and the prevention of vice.